Aron 1906 Svendborg
Aron is built as a 2-mast for-and-aft schooner, oak on oak and with the fast lines of the yacht. Aron has the yachts soft lines and powerful ‘sprin’line of the hull, as was the tradition for schooners built in Marstal. Aron was launched on 10 April 1906. Her hull carvel-built of oak on oak with the yacht’s flat heart shaped transom and good sailing characteristics by master shipbuilder Lars Jensen Bager ‘the younger’ on Brdr. Baker’s yard in Marstal.
The ship type.
A schooner is a sailing ship with two; Possibly. several – masts with fork rig or bermuda rig. It is a fast-moving vessel with a minimum foremast and mainmast, which carries longboard sails; i.e. gaff – also called schooner sail. A schooner can run rawsails on the jibmast; or like Aron a broad jib and four staysails – jib, inner-cleaver, outer-cleaver and jib, jib and topsail. Many schooners in Marstal were rigged as ‘forenight schooners’. The schooner is a very versatile ship and relatively easy to maneuver – even for a small crew. The fore-and-aft schooner or fore-and-aft schooner (from Eng.) is a two-masted ship, where the aft mast – the mainmast – is slightly higher than the foremast. The ship carries, in addition to any a broad jib, no mainsail. The jib is used as a player. The fore-night schooner is rigged with two two-part masts with forked topsails and forked topsails. In some cases the forenagger was rigged with pile masts and when this was combined with a hunting-built hull, the ship was called a hunting schooner.
The yacht was the most common type of sailing ship in Denmark from the 18th century and well into the 20th century. The hull is flat-gauge and full amidships, with a strong spring and with sharp underwater lines, which usually gave a smooth-sailing ship. The yacht was rigged with pole mast(s), i.e. that the masts are in one piece and lead staysails, gaffsails; sometimes topsails and jibsails or broad jibs.
The galeas is a two-masted sailing ship rigged with staysails, gaffsails and topsails. The large front gaff sail together with the front staysails and the small mizzen give the galley its characteristic appearance.
Wooden ships were built on a ‘bedding’ that sloped towards the water so that the hull, when finished, could be easily launched. The ship’s keel was first stretched on the bed. At the front end of the keel was erected the bow of the ship and at the rear end the stern of the ship. In addition, the ‘frames’ and the entire construction that was to serve to attach the ship’s ‘outer cladding’ were mounted. When building crawl spaces, the tables are placed edge to edge, which gives an even exterior. While with brick construction, the boards are placed with an overlap (just like roof tiles) that are forced together with copper rivets. This was followed by deck beams and planks. The right curve on the tables was achieved by influencing the wood in a ‘sweating box’ with steam and heat, after which the tables could be forced into the desired shape. When the planks dried, they retained their new shape. To make the cladding and deck waterproof, the cracks between the planks – the ‘knots’, were ‘caulked’ with tarred plant fibres, called ‘værk’, which were hammered hard into the knurls and covered with molten pitch. The hull could then be tarred or painted, helping to preserve the wood.
A customs inspector, as a representative of the authorities, then took charge of the measurement of the ship and drew up a ‘bill of lading’, which was the ship’s “baptismal certificate” containing information about the name, initials, rigging, country, year of construction/city, shipyard, builder, dimensions, tonnage and other key information about the vessel. After the launch, the ship was completed with masts, rigging and other equipment before it was handed over to the shipowner. On wooden ships that had to sail in ice or in waters where there was a risk of pileworm attack, the hull was covered below the waterline with a ‘skinning’ of metal sheets, which also inhibited fouling. It could be gray (zinc), yellow (brass) or green (copper) plates. ARON is not foreskin.